Skip to main content

dbt

Module dbt

Certified

Important Capabilities

CapabilityStatusNotes
Dataset Usage
Detect Deleted EntitiesEnabled via stateful ingestion
Table-Level LineageEnabled by default

This plugin pulls metadata from dbt's artifact files and generates:

  • dbt Tables: for nodes in the dbt manifest file that are models materialized as tables
  • dbt Views: for nodes in the dbt manifest file that are models materialized as views
  • dbt Ephemeral: for nodes in the dbt manifest file that are ephemeral models
  • dbt Sources: for nodes that are sources on top of the underlying platform tables
  • dbt Seed: for seed entities
  • dbt Tests as Assertions: for dbt test entities (starting with version 0.8.38.1)

Note:

  1. It also generates lineage between the dbt nodes (e.g. ephemeral nodes that depend on other dbt sources) as well as lineage between the dbt nodes and the underlying (target) platform nodes (e.g. BigQuery Table -> dbt Source, dbt View -> BigQuery View).
  2. The previous version of this source (acryl_datahub<=0.8.16.2) did not generate dbt entities and lineage between dbt entities and platform entities. For backwards compatibility with the previous version of this source, there is a config flag disable_dbt_node_creation that falls back to the old behavior.
  3. We also support automated actions (like add a tag, term or owner) based on properties defined in dbt meta.

The artifacts used by this source are:

  • dbt manifest file
    • This file contains model, source, tests and lineage data.
  • dbt catalog file
    • This file contains schema data.
    • dbt does not record schema data for Ephemeral models, as such datahub will show Ephemeral models in the lineage, however there will be no associated schema for Ephemeral models
  • dbt sources file
    • This file contains metadata for sources with freshness checks.
    • We transfer dbt's freshness checks to DataHub's last-modified fields.
    • Note that this file is optional – if not specified, we'll use time of ingestion instead as a proxy for time last-modified.
  • dbt run_results file
    • This file contains metadata from the result of a dbt run, e.g. dbt test
    • When provided, we transfer dbt test run results into assertion run events to see a timeline of test runs on the dataset

Install the Plugin

pip install 'acryl-datahub[dbt]'

Quickstart Recipe

Check out the following recipe to get started with ingestion! See below for full configuration options.

For general pointers on writing and running a recipe, see our main recipe guide

source:
type: "dbt"
config:
# Coordinates
# To use this as-is, set the environment variable DBT_PROJECT_ROOT to the root folder of your dbt project
manifest_path: "${DBT_PROJECT_ROOT}/target/manifest_file.json"
catalog_path: "${DBT_PROJECT_ROOT}/target/catalog_file.json"
sources_path: "${DBT_PROJECT_ROOT}/target/sources_file.json" # optional for freshness
test_results_path: "${DBT_PROJECT_ROOT}/target/run_results.json" # optional for recording dbt test results after running dbt test

# Options
target_platform: "my_target_platform_id" # e.g. bigquery/postgres/etc.
load_schemas: False # note: enable this only if you are not ingesting metadata from your warehouse

# sink configs

Config Details

Note that a . is used to denote nested fields in the YAML recipe.

View All Configuration Options
FieldRequiredTypeDescriptionDefault
envstringEnvironment to use in namespace when constructing URNs.PROD
platformstringThe platform that this source connects toNone
platform_instancestringThe instance of the platform that all assets produced by this recipe belong toNone
manifest_pathstringPath to dbt manifest JSON. See https://docs.getdbt.com/reference/artifacts/manifest-json Note this can be a local file or a URI.None
catalog_pathstringPath to dbt catalog JSON. See https://docs.getdbt.com/reference/artifacts/catalog-json Note this can be a local file or a URI.None
sources_pathstringPath to dbt sources JSON. See https://docs.getdbt.com/reference/artifacts/sources-json. If not specified, last-modified fields will not be populated. Note this can be a local file or a URI.None
test_results_pathstringPath to output of dbt test run as run_results file in JSON format. See https://docs.getdbt.com/reference/artifacts/run-results-json. If not specified, test execution results will not be populated in DataHub.None
target_platformstringThe platform that dbt is loading onto. (e.g. bigquery / redshift / postgres etc.)None
target_platform_instancestringThe platform instance for the platform that dbt is operating on. Use this if you have multiple instances of the same platform (e.g. redshift) and need to distinguish between them.None
load_schemasbooleanThis flag is only consulted when disable_dbt_node_creation is set to True. Load schemas for target_platform entities from dbt catalog file, not necessary when you are already ingesting this metadata from the data platform directly. If set to False, table schema details (e.g. columns) will not be ingested.True
use_identifiersbooleanUse model identifier instead of model name if defined (if not, default to model name).False
tag_prefixstringPrefix added to tags during ingestion.dbt:
meta_mappingDictmapping rules that will be executed against dbt meta properties. Refer to the section below on dbt meta automated mappings.{}
query_tag_mappingDictmapping rules that will be executed against dbt query_tag meta properties. Refer to the section below on dbt meta automated mappings.{}
write_semanticsstringWhether the new tags, terms and owners to be added will override the existing ones added only by this source or not. Value for this config can be "PATCH" or "OVERRIDE"PATCH
strip_user_ids_from_emailbooleanWhether or not to strip email id while adding owners using dbt meta actions.False
owner_extraction_patternstringRegex string to extract owner from the dbt node using the (?P<name>...) syntax of the match object, where the group name must be owner. Examples: (1)r"(?P<owner>(.*)): (\w+) (\w+)" will extract jdoe as the owner from "jdoe: John Doe" (2) r"@(?P<owner>(.*))" will extract alice as the owner from "@alice".None
delete_tests_as_datasetsbooleanPrior to version 0.8.38, dbt tests were represented as datasets. If you ingested dbt tests before, set this flag to True (just needed once) to soft-delete tests that were generated as datasets by previous ingestion.False
disable_dbt_node_creationbooleanWhether to suppress dbt dataset metadata creation. When set to True, this flag applies the dbt metadata to the target_platform entities (e.g. populating schema and column descriptions from dbt into the postgres / bigquery table metadata in DataHub) and generates lineage between the platform entities.False
enable_meta_mappingbooleanWhen enabled, applies the mappings that are defined through the meta_mapping directives.True
enable_query_tag_mappingbooleanWhen enabled, applies the mappings that are defined through the query_tag_mapping directives.True
stateful_ingestionDBTStatefulIngestionConfig (see below for fields)
stateful_ingestion.enabledbooleanThe type of the ingestion state provider registered with datahub.False
stateful_ingestion.max_checkpoint_state_sizeintegerThe maximum size of the checkpoint state in bytes. Default is 16MB16777216
stateful_ingestion.state_providerDynamicTypedStateProviderConfig (see below for fields)The ingestion state provider configuration.
stateful_ingestion.state_provider.typestringThe type of the state provider to use. For DataHub use datahubNone
stateful_ingestion.state_provider.configGeneric dictThe configuration required for initializing the state provider. Default: The datahub_api config if set at pipeline level. Otherwise, the default DatahubClientConfig. See the defaults (https://github.com/datahub-project/datahub/blob/master/metadata-ingestion/src/datahub/ingestion/graph/client.py#L19).None
stateful_ingestion.ignore_old_statebooleanIf set to True, ignores the previous checkpoint state.False
stateful_ingestion.ignore_new_statebooleanIf set to True, ignores the current checkpoint state.False
stateful_ingestion.remove_stale_metadatabooleanTrue
node_type_patternAllowDenyPattern (see below for fields)regex patterns for dbt nodes to filter in ingestion.{'allow': ['.*'], 'deny': [], 'ignoreCase': True, 'alphabet': '[A-Za-z0-9 _.-]'}
node_type_pattern.allowArray of stringList of regex patterns for process groups to include in ingestion['.*']
node_type_pattern.denyArray of stringList of regex patterns for process groups to exclude from ingestion.[]
node_type_pattern.ignoreCasebooleanWhether to ignore case sensitivity during pattern matching.True
node_type_pattern.alphabetstringAllowed alphabets pattern[A-Za-z0-9 _.-]
node_name_patternAllowDenyPattern (see below for fields)regex patterns for dbt model names to filter in ingestion.{'allow': ['.*'], 'deny': [], 'ignoreCase': True, 'alphabet': '[A-Za-z0-9 _.-]'}
node_name_pattern.allowArray of stringList of regex patterns for process groups to include in ingestion['.*']
node_name_pattern.denyArray of stringList of regex patterns for process groups to exclude from ingestion.[]
node_name_pattern.ignoreCasebooleanWhether to ignore case sensitivity during pattern matching.True
node_name_pattern.alphabetstringAllowed alphabets pattern[A-Za-z0-9 _.-]
aws_connectionAwsConnectionConfig (see below for fields)When fetching manifest files from s3, configuration for aws connection details
aws_connection.aws_access_key_idstringAutodetected. See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.htmlNone
aws_connection.aws_secret_access_keystringAutodetected. See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.htmlNone
aws_connection.aws_session_tokenstringAutodetected. See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.htmlNone
aws_connection.aws_roleGeneric dictAutodetected. See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.htmlNone
aws_connection.aws_profilestringNamed AWS profile to use, if not set the default will be usedNone
aws_connection.aws_regionstringAWS region code.None
aws_connection.aws_endpoint_urlstringAutodetected. See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/reference/core/session.htmlNone
aws_connection.aws_proxyDict[str,string]Autodetected. See https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/reference/core/session.html

dbt meta automated mappings

dbt allows authors to define meta properties for datasets. Checkout this link to know more - dbt meta. Our dbt source allows users to define actions such as add a tag, term or owner. For example if a dbt model has a meta config "has_pii": True, we can define an action that evaluates if the property is set to true and add, lets say, a pii tag. To leverage this feature we require users to define mappings as part of the recipe. The following section describes how you can build these mappings. Listed below is a meta_mapping section that among other things, looks for keys like business_owner and adds owners that are listed there.

meta_mapping:
business_owner:
match: ".*"
operation: "add_owner"
config:
owner_type: user
owner_category: BUSINESS_OWNER
has_pii:
match: True
operation: "add_tag"
config:
tag: "has_pii_test"
int_property:
match: 1
operation: "add_tag"
config:
tag: "int_meta_property"
double_property:
match: 2.5
operation: "add_term"
config:
term: "double_meta_property"
data_governance.team_owner:
match: "Finance"
operation: "add_term"
config:
term: "Finance_test"

We support the following operations:

  1. add_tag - Requires tag property in config.
  2. add_term - Requires term property in config.
  3. add_owner - Requires owner_type property in config which can be either user or group. Optionally accepts the owner_category config property which you can set to one of ['TECHNICAL_OWNER', 'BUSINESS_OWNER', 'DATA_STEWARD', 'DATAOWNER' (defaults to DATAOWNER).

Note:

  1. Currently, dbt meta mapping is only supported for meta elements defined at the model level (not supported for columns).
  2. For string meta properties we support regex matching.

With regex matching, you can also use the matched value to customize how you populate the tag, term or owner fields. Here are a few advanced examples:

Data Tier - Bronze, Silver, Gold

If your meta section looks like this:

    meta:
data_tier: Bronze # chosen from [Bronze,Gold,Silver]

and you wanted to attach a glossary term like urn:li:glossaryTerm:Bronze for all the models that have this value in the meta section attached to them, the following meta_mapping section would achieve that outcome:

meta_mapping:
data_tier:
match: "Bronze|Silver|Gold"
operation: "add_term"
config:
term: "{{ $match }}"

to match any data_tier of Bronze, Silver or Gold and maps it to a glossary term with the same name.

Case Numbers - create tags

If your meta section looks like this:

    meta:
case: PLT-4678 # internal Case Number

and you want to generate tags that look like case_4678 from this, you can use the following meta_mapping section:

meta_mapping:
case:
match: "PLT-(.*)"
operation: "add_tag"
config:
tag: "case_{{ $match }}"

Stripping out leading @ sign

You can also match specific groups within the value to extract subsets of the matched value. e.g. if you have a meta section that looks like this:

meta:
owner: "@finance-team"
business_owner: "@janet"

and you want to mark the finance-team as a group that owns the dataset (skipping the leading @ sign), while marking janet as an individual user (again, skipping the leading @ sign) that owns the dataset, you can use the following meta-mapping section.

meta_mapping:
owner:
match: "^@(.*)"
operation: "add_owner"
config:
owner_type: group
business_owner:
match: "^@(?P<owner>(.*))"
operation: "add_owner"
config:
owner_type: user
owner_category: BUSINESS_OWNER

In the examples above, we show two ways of writing the matching regexes. In the first one, ^@(.*) the first matching group (a.k.a. match.group(1)) is automatically inferred. In the second example, ^@(?P<owner>(.*)), we use a named matching group (called owner, since we are matching an owner) to capture the string we want to provide to the ownership urn.

dbt query_tag automated mappings

This works similarly as the dbt meta mapping but for the query tags

We support the below actions -

  1. add_tag - Requires tag property in config.

The below example set as global tag the query tag tag key's value.

"query_tag_mapping":
{
"tag":
"match": ".*"
"operation": "add_tag"
"config":
"tag": "{{ $match }}"
}

Integrating with dbt test

To integrate with dbt tests, the dbt source needs access to the run_results.json file generated after a dbt test execution. Typically, this is written to the target directory. A common pattern you can follow is:

  1. Run dbt docs generate and upload manifest.json and catalog.json to a location accessible to the dbt source (e.g. s3 or local file system)
  2. Run dbt test and upload run_results.json to a location accessible to the dbt source (e.g. s3 or local file system)
  3. Run datahub ingest -c dbt_recipe.dhub.yaml with the following config parameters specified
    • test_results_path: pointing to the run_results.json file that you just created

The connector will produce the following things:

  • Assertion definitions that are attached to the dataset (or datasets)
  • Results from running the tests attached to the timeline of the dataset

View of dbt tests for a dataset

test view

Viewing the SQL for a dbt test

test logic view

Viewing timeline for a failed dbt test

test view

Code Coordinates

  • Class Name: datahub.ingestion.source.dbt.DBTSource
  • Browse on GitHub

Questions

If you've got any questions on configuring ingestion for dbt, feel free to ping us on our Slack